Gynae Cancers



September is Gynecologic Cancer Awareness Month! We're highlighting information specific to gynecologic cancer symptoms.


Spotting signs of cancer can lead to early diagnosis and can be easier to treat.  In some cases, with early screening, abnormalities can be detected early enough to prevent the cancer from developing.

Signs and symptoms


Although they are often caused by a non-cancerous illness, it's important to be aware of any unexplained changes to your body.  


Ovarian Cancer


The most common symptoms of ovarian cancer are:

  • feeling constantly bloated

  • a swollen tummy

  • discomfort in your tummy or pelvic area

  • feeling full quickly when eating, or loss of appetite

  • needing to pee more often or more urgently than usual

The NHS website has more information on Ovarian Cancer 

Uterine/endometrial (Womb) Cancer


Cancer of the womb (uterine or endometrial cancer) is a common cancer that affects the female reproductive system. It's more common in women who have been through the menopause.

The most common symptom of womb cancer is vaginal bleeding that is unusual for you (abnormal).

If you've been through the menopause, any vaginal bleeding is considered abnormal.

If you have not yet been through the menopause, abnormal bleeding may include very heavy periods or bleeding between your periods.

Read more about the symptoms of womb cancer.

Cervical Cancer


In most cases, abnormal vaginal bleeding is the first noticeable symptom of cervical cancer.

This includes bleeding:

  • during or after sex

  • between your periods

  • after you have been through the menopause

Visit your GP for advice if you experience any type of abnormal vaginal bleeding.

Read more about the symptoms of cervical cancer.



If you have had any of these for longer than three weeks, or any symptoms not listed that you are concerned about, it’s important to speak to your GP.

Finding cancer early means it's easier to treat.


If your GP suspects cancer, they'll refer you to a specialist – usually within two weeks. 

Vaginal Cancer

Symptoms of vaginal cancer include:

  • vaginal bleeding after the menopause

  • bleeding after sex or pain during sex

  • smelly or bloodstained vaginal discharge

  • bleeding between periods

  • a lump or mass in or at the entrance to the vagina

  • an itch in your vagina that will not go away

  • pain when peeing, or needing to pee a lot

Vaginal cancer is rare, especially in women under 40.

If you have these symptoms, it's much more likely you have something less serious, such as an infection.

Read more about the symptoms of vaginal cancer.

Vulvar Cancer

Symptoms of vulval cancer can include:

  • a persistent itch in the vulva

  • pain, soreness or tenderness in the vulva

  • raised and thickened patches of skin that can be red, white or dark

  • a lump or wart-like growth on the vulva

  • bleeding from the vulva or blood-stained vaginal discharge between periods

  • an open sore in the vulva

  • a burning pain when peeing

  • a mole on the vulva that changes shape or colour


See a GP if you notice any changes in the usual appearance of your vulva.  While it's highly unlikely to be the result of cancer, these changes should be investigated.

Read more about the symptoms of vulvar cancer.

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More information


Visit the following websites for more information about gynecologic cancer:




It's important to book an appointment to see your see GP if you have symptoms that you're worried about.


Find your GP's details in our West Essex GP Directory